How to choose a welding machine for body repair:
welding body panels
The car body is the element most often subject to damage in an accident.
To restore the body of the vehicle, use a semi-automatic welding machine for bodywork.
welding machine Content:
1 Classification and marking of welding machines
1.1 AC power supply
1.2 The inverter
1.3 Carbon dioxide semi-automatic machine
2 Why is a semi automatic machine better suited
3 Which welding semi automatic machine to choose for car repair
3.1 Power supplies
3.2 Wire and its influence on the welding result
3.3 About the cylinders
3.4 What else to consider in the selection
Classification and marking of welding machines
When purchasing equipment, many people wonder what kind of welding is better to cook the car body.
To make the right choice, you need to know how welding machines are classified.Welding machines are popular among motorists, but their use has a number of disadvantages:
The welds are of poor quality.The electrode, due to the bulkiness of the welded equipment, is not able to reach a number of areas that require repair.It will take time to master the welding machine. Suitable for cooking thick (more than 5 mm) iron.
. On the body of a car, metal with a thickness of 3 mm is often found. They are almost immediately burned through by an alternating current device.
As for the use of the inverter when repairing the car body, this equipment is suitable for:
- Obtaining good quality welds.Quickly perform repairs.
- Use of the device in conditions of low mains voltage.
Users note the ease of use of the device – a beginner, for the first time picking up a tool, can” immediately ” understand the principle of cooking and get a weld of acceptable quality.
The inverter also has a number of disadvantages:
- High cost of equipment.
- The sensitivity of dust.
- The thickness of the metal to be welded should not exceed 3 mm.
- Carbon dioxide semi-automatic machine
The semi-automatic welding machine for bodywork has the following advantages::
- A neat, high-quality weld.
- You can cook metal with a thickness of 0.8 to 6 mm.
- When using argon, it is possible to restore parts from non-ferrous metals.
- There is no need to maintain a constant arc.
The degree of deformation of the metal of the car is lower, as a result, the consumption of materials is reduced.
In semi-automatic welding, the wire is fed into the working area by means of a wire feed mechanism.
The welded elements are securely attached due to the fact that the metal of the electrode melts, but does not burn. As a result, a neat and strong weld appears at the junction of the two parts.
The disadvantages of the semi-automatic include a large weight and dimensions – because of this, the device can only be used within the garage. For the operation of the device, only an outlet is required.
The semi-automatic machine is used when repairing elements made of non-ferrous metals. To connect such parts, gas welding technology is used. On the device body there is a marking of the following type:
MIG or MIG. The model with this marking is designed for welding parts made of aluminum and other non-ferrous metals.
MAG or MAG. Device for welding elements made of steel, ferrous metals. The compound is made using carbon monoxide and active gases.TIG or TIG. Welding of parts is performed using tungsten. This element is resistant to high temperatures.
Read also: TOP tools for straightening the car body
Why is a semi-automatic machine better suited?
The use of semi-automatic welding machines is the optimal solution for body repairs. This device makes it possible to get a neat and strong weld.
It is suitable for cooking metal of different thicknesses, and gas welding of non-ferrous metals is also performed with the help of a semi-automatic machine. A special feature of the device is the presence of a special coil.
To activate it, select the desired location, and press the button: during the cooking process, the feed wire, the coil will be unwound, and send the required amount of electrode to the working area.
Which welding machine to choose the Source :
Contents: Types of welding machines General requirements for selection Selection of a step-down welding transformer Selection of a welding rectifier Selection of a welding inverter Video how to choose a welding inverter An indispensable tool in any technical first aid kit is a welding machine.
Repair and construction work is more profitable to perform your own welding than to hire a welder.What welding machine to choose for a house, cottage or garage, it will become clear after reading this article.
Types of welding machines Electric and gas welding machines are used for welding metal products.
We have welding machines! At home, electric arc welding is considered simple and affordable. Plasma welding is used less, because it is not safe to store gas equipment, in addition, it is difficult to master.
Electric arc welding is performed by the following types of devices: 1. Step-down welding transformer-converts the AC voltage of the supply network.
After reducing the voltage in the secondary winding to several volts, the current increases tenfold and ignites the electrode. The device is connected to a single-phase or three-phase network. Step-down welding transformer Metal structures are welded under the action of alternating current.
This machine is selected when welding carbon steel structures. The result is a low-quality weld. 2. Welding rectifier-with the help of circuit elements converts the AC voltage of the network. The rectified current ignites the electrode. This machine efficiently welds products made of steel and aluminum alloys.
Welding rectifier 3. Welding inverter-operates on the principle of pulsed resonance, similar to the classic pulsed power supply. With the help of the inverter, the frequency of the alternating current is increased.
In the future, it straightens up and ignites the electrode. Due to the ability to operate at low voltage, such devices are most often purchased for home use.
General requirements for the choice Also read these articles Compasses with your own hands Modern compact boats-a practical solution for outdoor activities .
Innovative solution-flexible wallpaper Convection oven-a great helper in the kitchen Before deciding which welding machine to choose for the home, you need to understand what welding work will be performed.
Very often, when choosing a welder, such mistakes are made: preference is given to a certain brand under which welding machines are produced.
Experts say that all manufacturers have reliable models, the main thing is to be able to cook and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations on the rules of operation; models are selected by weight and size.
Small-sized devices tend to have little power and often shut down due to overheating. Small-sized devices are needed when there is little welding, such as installing doors or grilles.Models with a short cable are not selected. It should be noted that there are light portable models that do not need a long cable.
In addition, you can buy ready-made extension cords with a length of 3 or 5 m. For the selection of welding equipment, the following welding parameters are the main ones: 1. Maximum welding current set by the manufacturer.
The thickness of the metal that can be welded depends on it. An electrode is selected under the metal.The current value depends on: stability of the electrode gorenje; heating of the metal; reliability of the welded joint.The welding current is set by the regulator on the front panel of the device.
It is recommended to set the current with a margin for the following reasons: part of the power is lost when connecting an extension cord or carrying it; additional load is required when cutting metal; it is impossible to work at a critical load.
- The duration of switching on (PV). This is the duration of operation without shutting down. PV is indicated as a percentage of the 10-minute welding cycle.
For example, if the PV is 60% at a current of 257 A, then the welding machine runs for 6 minutes, and then cools down for 4 minutes.
Selection of a step-down welding transformer The following characteristics determine the choice of such welding machines:
- Operating voltage. The step-down transformer is connected to a variable network with one or three phases with a voltage of 220/380 V.
- For home use, it is recommended to take models that are powered by 220 V. 2. Transformer power.
- High power, when connected to the network, does not cause phase distortion.
In addition, it is possible to use electrodes of large diameter, and to connect additional working posts.
The selected power is limited by the permissible load of the power grid. Source:
Permissible values of operating currents. The electrodes are selected for their size.For welding carbon steel parts, a current of 80 ― 160 A is set, and electrodes of 1 ― 6 mm are selected.
Weight and dimensions. Welding transformers have a large weight, so wheels and a handle are used to move them. Many users speak positively about the transformer TDM 160 ST. It is mobile, reliable, and has reliable protection.They can be used to weld steel structures up to 5 mm thick.
It has the following welding characteristics: it uses a thermal protection system and forced cooling; power supply is 220 V; PV 20% at a current of 140 A; permissible power consumption 3 kW; current adjustment 45-160 A; electrodes up to 4 mm are used; weight 21 kg.
Choosing a welding straightener
We recommend you to read our other articles Places of storage of boats Features of tablets for dishwashers Features of choosing an electric saw Advantages of LED lamps Determining when choosing such welding machines are the following characteristics:
Supply voltage. The rectifiers are connected to a three-phase or single-phase voltage. The use of three phase increases the capacity and improves the combustion of the arc. In everyday life, it is not always possible to use a 380 volt network.
Welding current adjustment range. In many models, it is regulated step wise.Mode control method. Step adjustments are common. The thickness of the electrodes.
The thickness of the metal that can be welded depends on it. Many positive reviews about the welding rectifier VD-306.
It is distinguished by its mobility and special protection from dirt, dust, chips, as the electronic components are located in the upper compartment, and the power units are fixed along the radiators.
It has excellent characteristics: an efficient cooling system is installed; power supply is 380 V; PV is 60% at a current of 315 A; permissible power consumption is 24 kW; current adjustment is 60-315 A; electrodes up to 6 mm are used; weight is 101 kg.
Choosing a welding inverter Due to its versatility and small size, this welding machine is ideal for the home, garage or cottage.
It successfully welds even in difficult domestic conditions. The following characteristics determine the choice of such welding machines:
- The supply voltage, which is associated with the power of the device and the duration of its service. The three-phase inverter has a large power, so it almost does not heat up and serves for a long time.
- Welding current, which is selected depending on the thickness of the metal. At home, welding operations are performed with a current of no more than 160 A. Smoothly selecting the welding current, they achieve a high quality of the seam.
- Turn-on time (PV). Calculated by the manufacturer as a percentage of the 10-minute welding cycle. The higher the specified percentage, the longer the device runs without overheating.
- Additional features that facilitate the welding process: “Hot Start” ― during the first touch of the weld, the electrode is instantly ignited.
“Anti-Stick” ― if the electrode sticks, it is de-energized and then easily breaks off from the seam.
Many positive reviews relate to the welding inverter SAI 220 65/3, which is used for welding with coated electrodes. It can weld with alternating and direct current.
It differs from other models with low weight, a range of settings, quiet operation and a low price.
It has excellent welding characteristics:
- the functions
- Hot start
- additional cooling
Thermal protection are installed;
- power supply 220 V
- PV 70% at a current of 220 A
- permissible power consumption 6.6 kW
- current adjustment 10-220 A;
- electrodes up to 5 mm are used; weight 5.0 kg.
So, to understand which welding machine to choose for a house or cottage, you need to study the existing models and decide on the type of welder. In addition, your technical requirements and financial capabilities play a big role.